Prunus fasciculata
Family Name: Rosaceae
Local Name : Jungli Badaam
English Name : Wild almond

Description : This plant is a spiny and woody shrub that grows up to 2 to 2.5 m high. The bark of the plant is grey. The branches are smooth and grey. The leaves are 5 to 20 mm long. The flowers are small and white with 3 mm. Petals occur either solitary or in fascicle. Flowers are usually bisexual, solitary or in racemes, sometimes precocious. Male flowers have 10 to 15 stamens; female flowers have one or more pistils.  The drupe is about 1 cm long; gray to red brown in color and hairy with thin flesh.

Quercus incana Roxb.
Family Name: Fagaceae
Local Name : Rein
English Name : White Oak

Description : A medium to large evergreen tree, 18 to 24 m tall and with a diameter of 0.8 to 1.0 m. The crown is rounded. The leaves are simple, oblong to ovate, 6 to 15 cm long. The bark is grey to greyish brown, silvery when young and peels off in rounded flakes. It is monoecious. The male flowers or catkins are hanging bunches 6 to 14 cm long. The female flowers are solitary, 1 to 2 cm long. The flowers occur between April and May. The fruit is an acorn or nut, 2.5 cm in diameter. The fruiting period is November to January. The tree is attacked by leafy mistletoe. It is reproduced both from seed and by vegetative means. The fruit, a nut, is solitary, viability is low, and storage is difficult. Slow growing, it has been reported to attain 10 cm in diameter in 30 years. A plantation has been

Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
Family Name: Rhamnaceae
Local Name : Ber
English Name : Chinese date

Description : A spiny deciduous or evergreen shrub or small tree 12 m tall with a diameter of 40 cm. The crown is spreading with drooping branches. The leaves are simple elliptical to rounded 2.5 to 6 cm long and 1.5 to 5 cm wide. The leaf tips are slightly rounded with finely wavy-tooth margins. The leaves are shiny green and hairless on the tops with dense whitish hairs underneath. Spines are curved. Brownish, and 3 to 6 mm long. On harsh sites it is a dense shrub 3 to 4 m tall. The bole is straight, and the bark is light to dark grey with many deep furrows. The flowers are small 5 mm across in clusters and are quite fragrant, yellow, densely hairy and bloom between April and October. The fruit is shiny orange-red or reddish-brown and edible, 2 to 2.5 cm long. The seed matures from December

Ziziphus Jujuba
Family Name: Rhamnaceae
Local Name : Unab/ Baryan
English Name : Jujube berries

Description : This plant is a small deciduous tree or shrub reaching to the height of 4 to 12m. It has with thorny branches. The leaves of the plant are shiny-green, ovate-acute, 2 to 7 cm long and 1 to 3 cm broad. Leaf has with three conspicuous veins at the base, and a finely toothed margin. The flowers are small and 5 mm wide with five inconspicuous yellowish-green petals. The fruit is an edible oval drupe. It is smooth-green when immature, with the consistency and taste of an apple with lower acidity, brown to purplish-black when mature, and eventually wrinkled and looks like a small date. There is a single hard kernel, similar to an olive pit containing two seeds.

Taxus wallichiana Zucc.
Family Name: Taxaceae
Local Name : Bermi
English Name : Himalayan yew

Description : This plant is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree growing up to the height of about 10 m. The shoots of the plant are green at first, becoming brown after 3 to 4 years. The leaves are slightly falcate, thin and are 1.5 to 3 cm long and 2 mm wide, having soft mucronate apex; they are spirally arranged on the shoots but twisted at the base. It is dioecious which means male and female cones are present on separate plants; the seed cone has berry-like shape with a single scale developing into a soft, juicy red aril 1cm diameter, containing a single dark brown seed of about 5 to 8 mm long. The pollen cones are globose and are 4 mm diameter,

Tamarix articulate Vahl.
Family Name: Tamaricaceae
Local Name : Farash, Ghaz, Lai
English Name : Tamarix

Description : This plant is tall shrub or small tree and about 13m tall. The bark of the plant is reddish brown to grey. It has vaginated and mucronated leaves of about 1.5 to 2 mm long and have some amount of salt. Flowers are bisexual, pinkish white, sub sessile and pedicel is less than 1 mm long. Sepals of flowers are 5 and 1.5mm long and 1mm wide. Petals are 5 to 2mm long. Fruit is capsulated, conic-pyramidal and about 3 to 5 mm and 1 to 2mm and have numerous seeds.

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.
Family Name: Tamaricaceae
Local Name : Frash, Ghaz, Khaggal
English Name : Tamarix

Description : A large evergreen tree up to 40 m tall with a diameter of 1 to 2 m. The crown is spreading and dense. The leaves are simple, variable in size and shape, oval to oval-lance like 7 to 15 cm long, dark green, tough and leathery. The bark is smooth, and the stem may be crooked. The bark is light to dark grey, with slight depressions. The small white flowers have tassels and a sweet scent. They are arranged in bunches of threes and bloom usually between February and March. The fruit is a smooth, round fleshy berry that is purple black when ripe. The berry contains a single seed. The berries are edible and mature between June and August. It has no known insect or disease problems. It is reproduced both from seed and by vegetative means. The seeds are small and should be planted immedi

Spondias mangifera Wild.
Family Name: Anacardiaceae
Local Name : Ambara
English Name : Hog plum

Description : This plant is medium sized deciduous tree, and it grows up to the height of about 10 to 15 m. The bole can be free of branches for more than half its height, 30 - 60cm in diameter, sometimes with buttresses. Leaves are compound and opposite with 5 to 10 leaflets and are 28 to 40cm long. Leaf stalks are 8 to 14 cm long. Leaf base is rounded to wedge- shaped, usually oblique with a tapering tip. Tiny flowers are borne in panicles at the end of branches and are 25t o 35 cm long. Flowers are white and stalk less. Sepals are in triangular shape. Petals are pointed, ovate-oblong and about 2.5 mm long and 1.5mm wide. Fruit has yellowish orange colour at maturity and is about 3.5 to 5 cm long and 2.5 to 3.5 cm wide and fruit is ellipsoid and usually has 2 to 3 seeds. Outer part of endoca

Schinus molle Linn.
Family Name: Anacardiaceae
Local Name : Nakli kali mirch
English Name : The Pepper Tree

Description : A large shrub or small evergreen tree. The leaves are compound 12 to 20 cm long with 15 to 27 leaflets or more on each leaf. The leaflets are small, and lance shaped. The flowers are very small and appear between February and March. The fruit is a drupe, 0.8 mm in diameter. It ripens from August to September. Grown easily from seed. It can be coppiced. Fairly rapid growing. Grains are twisted, medium fine, somewhat uneven.

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn.
Family Name: Sapindaceae
Local Name : Ritha
English Name : Soap Nut

Description : A deciduous tree that sometimes grows to a rather large size with heights from 15 to 20 m and diameters of 60 to 80 cm. The leaves are compound, alternatively arranged with each leaf 15 to 45 cm long with 5 to 10 pairs of leaflets. There is no terminal leaflet on the leaf. The leaflets tend to become smaller towards the top of the leaf. They are leathery, lance shaped, pointed and have short stalks. The bark of young trees is light colored with many small bumps. Older trees have a grey-brown bark with irregular scales that peel off. The greenish yellow flowers are fringed with hairs and borne in terminal panicles. The fruit is a drupe, 1.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. Flowers occur in May and June while fruit matures between June and January. It appears to be disease and insect free. I