Callistemon lanceolatus (Sm.) Sweet

Callistemon lanceolatus (Sm.) Sweet

Family :


English Name:

Bottle Brush

Local Name :

Bottle Brush

Description :

This plant is a medium sized tree that will eventually grow to around 8m tall. Callistemon species have commonly been referred to as bottlebrushes because of their cylindrical, brush like flowers resembling a traditional bottle brush. It has woody stem, but upper portions are herbaceous, erect, cylindrical, branched and solid. Leaves are narrow and pointed and are 0.5 to 2.5cm wide and green in colour, leaves release a lemony smell when they are bruised. They are arranged spirally along loose hanging stems. Flowers are glowing red in colour and are in the shape of cylindrical brush, flowers are about 8 to 11 cm long. The woody capsules remain closed on the branches for years and open up and taken in warm place. Bees and small birds can be frequently seen around the trees as its colour attracts them.

Distribution :

This plant is native to Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria) but they are very widely planted all over the world including Pakistan. They grow well near the swamps along the sides of rocky streams. They are mostly found in the more temperate regions, especially along the east coast and typically favor moist conditions. Their preferable soil to grow is acidic, moist.  This plant needs direct sunlight, it cannot grow in shades.

Uses :

This plant is neutralized almost all over the world and used to treat cough and bronchitis. And it can also be used in ornamental landscaping elsewhere in the world. In Pakistan this plant is cultivated for ornamental purposes. It is suitable for road median planting. The leaves are used as substitute for tea as they have a very delightful refreshing taste.